بررسی اکوفیتوشیمیایی اسانس گیاه Oliveria decumbens Vent. در رویشگاههای مختلف استان فارس

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 1. مرکز تحقیقات گیاهان دارویی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی یاسوج، یاسوج، ایران 2.استادیار، عضو هیئت علمی گروه مرتع و آبخیزداری، دانشکده محیط زیست و منابع طبیعی، دانشگاه صنعتی خاتم الانبیاء بهبهان، بهبهان، ایران

2 استادیار،عضو هیئت علمی گروه مرتع و آبخیزداری،دانشکده محیط زیست و منابع طبیعی، دانشگاه صنعتی خاتم الانبیاء بهبهان،بهبهان،ایران

3 استادیار، عضو هیئت علمی گروه مرتع و آبخیزداری، دانشکده محیط زیست و منابع طبیعی، دانشگاه صنعتی خاتم الانبیاء بهبهان، بهبهان، ایران.

4 دانشجوی دکتری مرتعداری، دانشگاه ساری

5 استادیار، عضو هیئت علمی گروه زیست شناسی، دانشکده علوم پایه، دانشگاه صنعتی خاتم الانبیاء بهبهان، بهبهان،ایران.

چکیده

گیاه لعل کوهستان (Oliveria decumbens Vent) یکی از گیاهان دارویی متعلق به تیرهUmbelliferae می‌باشد. در طب سنتی ایران از این گیاه جهت درمان سوء هاضمه، اسهال، رفع تب و بیماری های عفونی استفاده می‌شود. در این تحقیق به بررسی برخی اثرات فاکتورهای اقلیم، خاک و ارتفاع از سطح دریا بر روی ترکیبات این گیاه پرداخته شد. در این راستا در 3 منطقه در ارتفاعات مختلف بین (2200-1600)متر از سطح دریا در شهرستان ممسنی، در اردیبهشت ماه سال1394 سرشاخه‏های گلدار گیاه برداشت و در سایه خشک گردید. سپس به روش تقطیر با آب (طرح کلونجر) اسانس گیری صورت پذیرفت و با استفاده از دستگاه GC و GC/MS ترکیبات شناسایی گردید و در نهایت اثر فاکتورهای مذکور بر روی این ترکیبات متشکله لحاظ شد. نتایج نشان داد که به ترتیب تعداد 13، 16 و 11 ترکیب در سایت های دشمن زیاری، بوان و کوپن شناسایی شد که ترکیبات p-cymene، γ-terpinene، thymolو myristicin جز ترکیبات عمده هر سه منطقه محسوب شد.از بین عوامل محیطی می‌توان گفت که تنها بین فاکتور بارش سالانه و ارتفاع از سطح دریا با درصد اسانس و مواد مؤثره گیاه همبستگی معنی‌داری وجود داشت که این همبستگی در فاکتور بارش سالانه و ارتفاع معکوس است. از بین عوامل خاکی فاکتورهای هدایت الکتریکی، اسیدیته و ازت با درصد اسانس همبستگی مثبت و معناداری در سطح 5 درصد داشت به طوری‌که با افزایش هدایت الکتریکی خاک میزان درصد اسانس افزایش یافت.

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